Share this infographic on your site!
Embed this infographic on your site!
THE SMART DRUG?
Stimulants prescribed to treat conditions like narcolepsy and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) are often abused by high school and college students looking to keep themselves awake for long hours of studying and remain alert and focused during testing. With the high rates of non-medical study drug use among these demographics, it is important to understand just what the drug does, how it affects students and what is being done to lower the rates of abuse.
Let's first take a look at what Adderall is and, when used properly, what it treats.
Adderall is a combination stimulant that works in the central nervous system. It was created to increase focus and decrease impulsiveness in people with ADHD. It has also been found to help sufferers of narcolepsy from bouts of unconsciousness and sleepiness.
Stimulants have been shown to boost and balance neurotransmitters in the brain, thus correcting the hyperactivity and lack of focus in patients with ADHD or ADD.
Estimated percentage of school-age children with a diagnosis of ADHD or ADD: 7%
Stimulants have been shown to counteract narcoleptic attacks and prevent patients from becoming unconscious.
Americans who suffer from narcolepsy: 1 in 3,000
Even using the drug as prescribed can come with serious complications.
Possible side effects
Abuse in Academia: The Numbers
U.S. university students who report having taken stimulants non-medically at least once: 7%
Students at University of Kentucky who admit to illegally taking a stimulant: 3 in 10
Average street cost per pill: $2 to $5
College students who say they've been asked for stimulants to use as study drugs: 1 in 4
College students who admit selling such stimulants to other students: 30%
A Short History of Adderall
A Gateway Drug?
A great deal of research has linked stimulant abuse to progressively more dangerous substance abuse among college students.
Full-time college students who have abused study drugs in the past year who also abuse alcohol: 90%
It has been shown that students who take study drugs illegally are more likely to use other illicit drugs.